Hamstring muscles are a group of large, powerful muscles stretching to the back of the thigh, from the lower pelvis to the back of the tibia. The hamstring muscles play an important role in extending the hip joint and bending of the knee joint.
The hamstring muscles have been found to be useful in a number of sporting activities and also in our daily routine. The hamstring injury usually involves sports activities that involve a sudden change in direction. Some examples are track and field, soccer and basketball.
What are the Common Symptoms of a Hamstring Injury?
The symptoms depend largely on the severity of the injury. The hamstring injury is usually sudden and painful. Other common symptoms include:
- Muscle spasm
- A difficulty with Muscle Contraction
What Causes Hamstring Injuries?
Stretching of the tendons or muscles beyond their limit has been found to be the major actor in the development of hamstring injury.
These injuries usually occur amid sudden and tense movements, examples of which include sprinting, lunging or jumping. However, sometimes they can appear gradually, or during slow movements that result in overstretching of the hamstring.
In the event that you want to reduce the risk of a hamstring injury, ensure that you engage in regular stretching and strengthening exercises, and warming up before exercise.
Examination of the affected limb is done by the doctor. Make sure you reveal to your doctor what exactly causes your hamstring injury. The degree of your injury can be detected by doing some imaging tests such as x-rays or an MRI scans.
Hamstring injuries are treated as an outpatient procedure usually on an individual basis. The extent and location of your injury are very important as they help in fashioning the treatment that is suitable for you. Most cases of hamstring injury are treated with non-surgical methods.
You should rest and raise your leg. The doctor will recommend an icing program and a compression bandage for the thigh. The use of crutches is also important for temporary support. Your doctor can direct you to a physiotherapist for exercises with the goal of regaining movement and strength. Your doctor will tell you when you can safely continue with sports.
Surgery is done when there are complete tears in the middle of the hamstring muscles which have fallen off the bones. Orthopedic surgeons make use of sutures to join the muscles in the mid hamstring tears. Sutures, anchors or staples can be used to re-connect the hamstring muscles with the bones.
After surgery, there is a need for you to rest at this time you can be given a brace to put on and you can also make use of crutches. You can also be advised to engage in physical therapy rehabilitation exercises as they are important to regain flexibility, range of motion, and function. The type and location of the injury determine the period of the rehabilitation program most times it can last between three to six months. A large number of people recover fully from hamstring injuries.